Thursday, December 3, 2015

Senior Pet Care

Due to improved veterinary care and dietary habits, pets are living longer now than they ever have before. One consequence of this is that pets, along with their owners and veterinarians, are faced with a whole new set of age-related conditions. In recent years there has been extensive research on the problems facing older pets and how their owners and veterinarians can best handle their special needs.

Q: When does a pet become "old"?

A: It varies, but cats and small dogs are generally considered geriatric at the age of 7. Larger breed dogs tend to have shorter life spans and are considered geriatric when they are approximately 6 years of age. Owners tend to want to think of their pet's age in human terms.

Q: What kinds of health problems can affect older pets?

A: Geriatric pets can develop many of the same problems seen in older people, such as cancer heart disease kidney/urinary tract disease liver disease diabetes joint or bone disease senility weakness

Q: I know my pet is getting older. How do I help them stay happy and healthy for as long as possible?

A: Talk to your veterinarian about how to care for your older pet and be prepared for possible age-related health issues. Senior pets require increased attention, including more frequent visits to the veterinarian, possible changes in diet, and in some cases alterations to their home environment.

Q: My older pet is exhibiting changes in behavior. What's going on?

A: Before any medical signs become apparent, behavioral changes can serve as important indicators that something is changing in an older pet, which may be due to medical or other reasons. As your pet's owner, you serve a critical role in detecting early signs of disease because you interact and care for your pet on a daily basis and are familiar with your pet's behavior and routines. If your pet is showing any change in behavior or other warning signs of disease, contact your veterinarian and provide them with a list of the changes you have observed in your pet. Sometimes, the changes may seem contradictory - such as an older pet that has symptoms of hearing loss but also seems more sensitive to strange sounds.

Possible Behavior Changes in Older Pets 

  • Increased reaction to sounds 
  • Increased vocalization 
  • Confusion 
  • Disorientation 
  • Decreased interaction w/humans 
  • Increased irritability 
  • Decreased response to commands 
  • Increased aggressive/protective behavior 
  • Increased anxiety 
  • House soiling 
  • Decreased self-hygiene/grooming 
  • Repetitive activity 
  • Increased wandering 
  • Change in sleep cycles 

Q: Is my pet becoming senile?

A: Possibly. Once any underlying or other disease causes have been ruled out, there is a chance your pet may be experiencing cognitive dysfunction. Studies conducted in the early 1990s were the first to identify brain changes in older dogs that were similar to brain changes seen in humans with Alzheimer's disease (ie, ß-amyloid deposits). Laboratory tests were also developed in the 1990s to detect learning and memory deficits in older dogs. Recently these studies have started on younger dogs in order to fully understand the effect of aging on the canine brain. Similar studies in young and older cats are also ongoing. While researchers are still not able to identify any genetic cause of why certain animals develop cognitive dysfunction, there are drugs and specific diets available that can help manage cognitive dysfunction in dogs. If you think your pet is becoming senile, discuss it with your veterinarian.

Q: What are the common signs of disease in an older pet?

A: The signs you might see will vary with the disease or problem affecting your pet, and some signs can be seen with more than one problem. As the pet's owner, you can provide your veterinarian with valuable information that can help them determine what is going on with your pet.

Top 10 Common Signs of Cancer in Pets 

  • Abnormal swellings that persist or continue to grow 
  • Sores that do not heal 
  • Weight loss 
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Bleeding or discharge from any body opening 
  • Offensive mouth odor 
  • Difficulty eating/swallowing 
  • Hesitation to exercise/loss of stamina 
  • Persistent lameness/stiffness 
  • Difficulty breathing, urinating, or defecating 

Q: My pet seems to be in pain, and isn't as active as they should be. What should I do?

A: First, talk to your veterinarian and have them examine your pet. Your pet might have arthritis. Older pets, especially large dogs, are vulnerable to arthritis and other joint diseases, and the signs you see can vary. This chart provides the basic signs you might see if your pet has arthritis; you might see one or more of these signs in your pet.

Signs of Arthritis in Pets 

  • Favoring a limb 
  • Difficulty sitting or standing 
  • Sleeping more 
  • Seeming to have stiff or sore joints 
  • Hesitancy to jump, run or climb stairs 
  • Weight gain 
  • Decreased activity or interest in play 
  • Attitude or behavior changes (including increased irritability) 
  • Being less alert 


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